DC-DC converters, also known as voltage regulators or voltage converters, are electronic devices or circuits that convert direct current (DC) electrical energy from one voltage level to another. Unlike AC-DC converters that convert alternating current to direct current, DC-DC converters work within the realm of direct current and perform voltage conversion. These converters are proved to be very useful in devices or systems that require different voltage levels for optimal operation.
These converters are used in various applications to step up (boost) or step down (buck) the voltage level of a DC power source, depending on the specific requirements of the connected devices or systems. These converters are used in electrical devices, automotive systems, and power transmission. These are also used in portable electronic devices like cell phones and laptop computers.
DC-DC converters help:
-Ensuring stable power supply to sensitive electronic devices.
-Boost the power supply in battery-powered devices where the battery voltage drops over time.
-Minimizing power loss during transmission and conversion.
-Provide different voltage levels for various components such as sensors, actuators, entertainment systems, etc in vehicles.